Question: What Is The Most Common Deficiency In Children?

What vitamin is most important?

Vitamin B-12 – This is one of the most important essential vitamins.

It is a co-enzyme that is vital in the conversion of food to be used as energy.

It is widely available in many forms: pills, liquids, and even injections..

How is vitamin deficiency diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose vitamin deficiency anemias through blood tests that check: The number and appearance of red blood cells. People with anemia have fewer red blood cells than normal. In vitamin deficiency anemias related to a lack of vitamin B-12 and folate, the red blood cells appear large and underdeveloped.

Which vitamins and minerals are most likely to be deficient in a child’s diet?

1. Which vitamins and minerals are most likely to be deficient in a child’s diet? Iron, vitamin D, and vitamin E (if parents follow a low-fat diet), and possibly zinc.

What vitamin is good for growth?

Vitamin B12 helps with red blood cell production and promotes growth. You get vitamin C from fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruit, kiwi fruit, capsicums and potatoes.

What are deficiency diseases answer?

Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases or nutritional disease. Deficiency of one or more nutrients can cause diseases or disorders in our body. For example, wheat is rich in carbohydrates, but poor in nutrients like proteins and fats.

Which diseases are caused due to deficiency of vitamins?

List of Deficiency DiseasesTypes of VitaminsDeficiency DiseasesB2 (Riboflavin)Retarded growth, bad skinB12 (Cyanocobalamin)AnaemiaC (Ascorbic acid)ScurvyD (Calciferol)Rickets9 more rows

What is the most common nutritional deficiency?

Iron deficiency is the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world. As well as affecting a large number of children and women in developing countries, it is the only nutrient deficiency which is also significantly prevalent in Industralized Countries.

How do I know if my child has a vitamin deficiency?

Vitamin A deficiency comes with a common side effect of difficulty with vision. Your child may complain that he or she struggles to see in low light. Additionally, your child may complain of dry eyes, dry skin, and frequent illness. Vitamin A can worsen your immune system.

What are the common nutritional problems?

Major nutritional problems include: 1) Maternal nutritional anemia; 2) protein energy malnutrition; 3) vitamin A deficiency; 4) lactation failure; 5) addiction to milk feeding; and 6) inadequate preparation and use of artificial milk products.

What is the symptom of low vitamin D?

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency can include muscle weakness, pain, fatigue and depression. To get enough D, look to certain foods, supplements, and carefully planned sunlight.

What are the two most common nutritional deficiency diseases?

Nutritional deficiencies can lead to conditions such as anemia, scurvy, rickets.Calcium. … Magnesium. … Omega-3 fatty acid. … Folate. … Potassium. … Vitamin A. … Vitamin E. … Copper. Copper deficiency is more common among people with untreated celiac disease than the general population.More items…•

How do you know if you have a nutritional deficiency?

What are the symptoms of nutritional deficiencies?pallor, or pale skin.fatigue.weakness.trouble breathing.unusual food cravings.hair loss.periods of lightheadedness.constipation.More items…

What are the common deficiency diseases?

Nutrient deficienciesdisease (and key nutrient involved)symptomsrickets (vitamin D)weakened bones, bowed legs, other bone deformitiesberiberi (thiamin)nerve degeneration, altered muscle coordination, cardiovascular problemspellagra (niacin)diarrhea, skin inflammation, dementia5 more rows

What causes low vitamin D?

What causes a vitamin D deficiency? A deficiency in vitamin D can result from inadequate exposure to sunlight, inefficient production in the skin, not enough vitamin D in your diet, and health conditions that can affect it including, gastrointestinal disorders, renal diseases, and liver diseases.

How do you get vitamin deficiency?

Most vitamin and mineral deficiencies can be picked up with a blood test, like:a venous blood test — a trained professional will use a needle to puncture a vein, usually in your arm, to collect a blood sample.a finger-prick blood test — using a lancet, you can prick your own finger and collect a small blood sample.