What Happens During A Syncopal Episode?

What is the most common cause of syncope?

Vasovagal syncope is the most common type of syncope.

It is caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure, which causes a drop in blood flow to the brain..

What happens during syncope?

Syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness usually related to insufficient blood flow to the brain. It’s also called fainting or “passing out.” It most often occurs when blood pressure is too low (hypotension) and the heart doesn’t pump enough oxygen to the brain.

Is syncope a sign of stroke?

Strokes or near strokes rarely can cause syncope. A particular subtype of stroke that affects the back of the brain may result in a sudden loss of stability and a fall, but consciousness is usually maintained.

Can syncope be cured?

There is no standard treatment that can cure all causes and types of vasovagal syncope. Treatment is individualized based on the cause of your recurrent symptoms. Some clinical trials for vasovagal syncope have yielded disappointing results. If frequent fainting is affecting your quality of life, talk to your doctor.

Is syncope an emergency?

Syncope is a common chief complaint encountered in the emergency department (ED). The causes of syncope range from benign to life threatening. Being able to rule out life threatening causes is one of the main goals of the emergency physician.

What does syncope feel like?

Syncope can also lead to serious injury. Talk to your physician if syncope happens more often. Pre-syncope is the feeling that you are about to faint. Someone with pre-syncope may be lightheaded (dizzy) or nauseated, have a visual “gray out” or trouble hearing, have palpitations, or feel weak or suddenly sweaty.

How do I stop syncope episodes?

If you experience any warning signs and feel like you’re about to faint, stop what you’re doing and sit or lie down. Try to lower your body down to the ground and elevate your legs higher than your head. This helps support blood flow back to the brain and may be enough to prevent a syncopal episode.

What are the 4 classifications of syncope?

Syncope is classified as neurally mediated (reflex), cardiac, orthostatic, or neurologic (Table 1).

How is syncope diagnosed?

These tests may include:Electrocardiogram. This test records the electrical signals your heart produces. … Echocardiogram. This test uses ultrasound imaging to view the heart and look for conditions, such as valve problems, that can cause fainting.Exercise stress test. … Blood tests.