What Is A Secondary Reinforcer Quizlet?

What is a secondary reinforcer in operant conditioning?

Secondary reinforcement, also known as conditioned reinforcement, involves stimuli that have become rewarding by being paired with another reinforcing stimulus.

For example, when training a dog, praise and treats might be used as primary reinforcers..

What is an example of a conditioned reinforcer?

These reinforcers are also known as Conditioned Reinforcers. For example: money, grades and praise are conditioned reinforcers. In other words, secondary reinforcement is the process in which certain stimuli are paired with primary reinforcers or stimuli in order to strengthen certain behaviors.

What is an example of secondary reinforcer?

But, most human reinforcers are secondary, or conditioned. Examples include money, grades in schools, and tokens. Secondary reinforcers acquire their power via a history of association with primary reinforcers or other secondary reinforcers.

Is pain a secondary reinforcer?

Primary and Secondary Reinforcers and Punishers Primary punishers, such as pain and freezing temperatures, are naturally unpleasant. Secondary reinforcers, such as money, fast cars, and good grades, are satisfying because they’ve become associated with primary reinforcers.

What is a secondary Punisher?

A secondary punisher is a concept in operant conditioning that describes punishers that acquire their effect as a result of conditioning instead of being naturally negative stimuli. In behaviorism, a punisher is something aversive or negative that makes the likelihood of a behavior decrease.

What are the two types of reinforcers?

There are two types of reinforcement, known as positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement; positive is where by a reward is offered on expression of the wanted behaviour and negative is taking away an undesirable element in the persons environment whenever the desired behaviour is achieved.

What is the difference between primary and conditioned reinforcers?

What is the difference between primary and conditioned reinforcers? Primary: A consequence that maintains behavior (reinforcer), and no learning is required for this consequence to serve as a reinforcer. Conditioned: It is a consequent stimulus that acquired reinforcing properties during the lifetime of the organism.

How are grades A secondary reinforcer?

The praise “good dog” in this case became a secondary reinforcer. … These include money, good grades in school, tokens, stars and stickers and praise. Money is a secondary reinforcer because it can be used to purchase primary reinforcers such as food and clothing.

What is the difference between primary reinforcers and secondary reinforcers?

Primary Reinforcer vs Secondary Reinforcer While a primary reinforcer is innate, a secondary reinforcer is a stimulus that becomes reinforcing after being paired with a primary reinforcer, such as praise, treats, or money.

What are 5 types of reinforcers?

Terms in this set (9)Reinforcer. Any event that strenghtens behavior.Positive reinforcement. Adds something rewarding following a behavior, provides. … Negative reinforcement. … Primary reinforcers. … Conditioned reinforcers (secondary) … Immediate reinforcer (gratification) … Delayed reinforcer. … Continuous reinforcement.More items…

Which is an example of a secondary reinforcer quizlet?

Examples: food, sex, water, air. A secondary reinforcer, sometimes called a conditioned reinforcer, is a stimulus or situation that has acquired its function as a reinforcer after pairing with a stimulus that functions as a reinforcer.

What is an example of positive punishment?

Positive punishment is an attempt to influence behavior by adding something unpleasant, while negative reinforcement is an attempt to influence behavior by taking away something unpleasant. … For example, spanking a child when he throws a tantrum is an example of positive punishment.

Is water a secondary reinforcer?

Water, food, sleep, shelter, sex, and touch, among others, are primary reinforcers. … Another example, money, is only worth something when you can use it to buy other things—either things that satisfy basic needs (food, water, shelter—all primary reinforcers) or other secondary reinforcers.

What is a secondary reinforcer?

By. Michael H/Getty Images. Secondary reinforcement refers to a situation in which a stimulus reinforces a behavior after it has been associated with a primary reinforcer.

What is the difference between a primary and secondary reinforcer quizlet?

What is the difference between primary and secondary reinforcers? Primary reinforcers are reinforcers that meet a biological need such as food and shelter. While Secondary reinforces gain value by association with primary reinforcers.