What Is An Example Of DRA?

What is a DRA in ABA?

Differential Reinforcement of Alternate Behaviors (DRA) – is the reinforcement of behaviors which serve as alternatives to problem or inappropriate behavior, especially alternative means of communication..

What is behavior reduction?

Behavior reduction strategies, when implemented immediately after the target behavior occurs, reduces the probability that the target behavior will recur. Before making a behavior modification plan, the question of “Is there really a problem?” must be answered.

What is a DRA procedure?

DRA is “a procedure for decreasing problem behavior in which reinforcement is delivered for a behavior that serves as a desirable alternative to the behavior targeted for reduction and withheld following instances of the problem behavior (e.g., reinforcing completion of academic worksheet items when the behavior …

What is alternative behavior?

Definition. Functionally equivalent alternative behaviors, or functionally equivalent replacement behaviors, are desirable/acceptable behaviors that achieve the same outcome as a less desirable problem behavior. … This requires completion of a functional behavior assessment.

What is NCR in ABA?

Function of Intervention: Noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) is a powerful method to reduce problematic behavior. NCR involves giving the student access to a reinforcer frequently enough that they are no longer motivated to exhibit disruptive behavior to obtain that same reinforcer.

What is operant stimulus control?

In behavioral psychology (or applied behavior analysis), stimulus control is a phenomenon in operant conditioning (also called contingency management) that occurs when an organism behaves in one way in the presence of a given stimulus and another way in its absence.

What is the difference between DRI and DRA quizlet?

DRI– differential reinforcement of an incompatible behaviour. … the difference is that in a DRA, the alternative behaviour does not have to be an incompatible behaviour. you are trying to replace a problem behaviour with a behaviour that is dissimilar but not necessarily incompatible.

What is the difference between DRA and DRI?

In DRI, the replacement behaviors are physically incompatible with the unwanted behavior. … In DRA, there is no concern about the replacement behaviors being physically incompatible; it is simply an appropriate behavior that could fulfill the same function as the unwanted behavior.

What does DRA mean in reading?

Developmental Reading AssessmentThe DRA (Developmental Reading Assessment) is an individualized reading assessment that enables teachers to evaluate growth in student reading performance over time.

How do you implement a DRO procedure?

DRO reinforces the absence of the target behavior, making it a time-based intervention.Define the target behavior.Identify the function of the target behavior.Choose reinforcers.Collect baseline data.Determine the type of DRO procedure you will use.Set the criteria to advance or reduce the interval.More items…

What are incompatible behaviors?

One way to address a problem behavior is to substitute and then reinforce another behavior. Differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior (DRI) is a procedure in which the teacher would identify a behavior that’s incompatible with, or cannot occur at the same time as, the problem behavior.

What is an example of DRO?

For example, if a child with autism displays self-stimulatory behavior in the form of waving both hands in front of his face, a DRO procedure would be to provide a positive reinforcement for a 10-s period during which his hands were not waving in front of his face.

What is Dro and DRA?

DRA – this procedure entails reinforcing a behavior that serves as a viable alternative for the problem behavior, but is not necessarily incompatible with the problem behavior. … DRO – this procedure entails delivering reinforcement whenever the problem behavior does not occur during a predetermined amount of time.

What does DRO stand for?

differential reinforcement of other behaviorsOne technique of applied behavior analysis that has proven to be useful in decreasing frequent, severe, or repetitive behaviors, especially in those students who are labeled mentally retarded, is known as differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO).

What is an example of negative punishment?

Can you identify examples of negative punishment? Losing access to a toy, being grounded, and losing reward tokens are all examples of negative punishment. In each case, something good is being taken away as a result of the individual’s undesirable behavior.