Why Is Complementary Food Important For Infants?

What is supplementary feeding and its benefits?

‘Supplementary feeding’ describes programmes that provide additional food to children to ameliorate or prevent undernutrition.

The focus is usually on increasing the amount of energy a child receives, but supplementary foods can also contain micronutrients (vitamins and minerals)..

Why is complementary feeding important?

Complementary feeding is needed to provide energy and essential nutrients required for continued growth and development. The nutrients in recommended complementary foods complement those in breast milk, hence the name. Complement means they go well together, each have a role to play.

What is complementary feeding practices?

Any non-breast milk, foods or nutritive liquids that are fed to young children after six months of age are defined as complementary foods. … Feeding practices not meeting the need and requirements of children increases the risk of becoming undernourished and other health consequences even leading to death [3,9,10].

What is the difference between complementary feeding and supplementary feeding?

Complementary foods are those that complement breast milk or any other foods. Similarly, supplementary foods could supplement many other foods, if not breast milk that is considered to be a complete food.

What foods can 6 months eat?

6 months:Well-cooked and pureed meat, poultry or beans.Ground, cooked, single-grain cereal or infant cereal with breast milk or formula.Cooked and pureed vegetables.Mashed banana or avocado.

What is complimentary food?

Complementary foods are foods other than breast milk or infant formula (liquids, semisolids, and solids) introduced to an infant to provide nutrients.

How do you introduce complementary feeding?

Start with a single iron-rich pureed food like baby rice cereal or pureed meat. Offer 1 to 2 teaspoons of first foods after a breast or infant formula feed. Slowly increase this to 2 to 3 tablespoons. Start offering complementary foods once a day and slowly build up to 3 times a day.

What is the most developed sense at birth?

touchBabies are born with highly sensitive skin, which has been developing in the womb, which means that their sense of touch is quite well developed at birth.

What foods should be avoided when complementary feeding a baby Why?

Avoid foods such as whole nuts, seeds, corn chips, hard lollies, raw carrot, and chunks of apple. There is no need to add sugar or salt to foods. They can cause tooth decay and can make extra work for your baby’s small kidneys.

What are the characteristics of complementary feeding?

10 essential qualities of a good complementary food for your babyAge-appropriate: Your baby has a delicate digestive system, which is still developing. … The right amount of food: Babies have very small stomachs. … Easy to digest: … Cook food the right way: … Energy-rich foods: … Avoid foods high in salt, sugar or fat: … Texture and consistency: … Maintain hygiene:More items…

What are the key recommendations for breastfeeding and complementary foods?

For the average healthy breastfed infant, meals of complementary foods should be provided 2-3 times per day at 6-8 months of age and 3-4 times per day at 9-11 and 12-24 months of age, with additional nutritious snacks (such as a piece of fruit or bread or chapatti with nut paste) offered 1-2 times per day, as desired.

What are the types of complementary feeding?

There are two kinds of complementary foods: • specially prepared foods and • usual family foods that are modified to make them easy to eat and provide enough nutrients. For example, a mother may specially prepare porridge for her baby while the rest of the family eat cassava and groundnut stew.

What are the principles of weaning?

For parents, the principles of weaning are to be flexible, offer variety, keep calm and show tolerance. Weaning is usually begun between three and six months old. Premature introduction of solids is inadvisable, as is delaying beyond six months.

When should I start introducing food to my baby?

6 Months Old At this age, you should start weaning your baby; protein-rich solid foods can be introduced at this point, alongside breast milk or formula.

What are complementary foods for babies?

Examples of Complementary Foods and Feeding Frequencies for Infants 6 to 12 Months Old in Central AmericaGround, cooked grains in cereal or drink such as rice, corn, oats and barley.Mashed bananas and plantains.Mashed potatoes and yucca.Mashed beans.Mashed egg.Mashed avocado.Mashed mango.